Posts tagged Vital Signs

Morning Edition host Sam Baker presents medical news-you-can-use segments featuring leading North Texas medical figures on topics ranging from flu to skin cancer to exactly what a New Year’s cocktail does to your body.

bariatric surgery

Vital Signs: Weight Gain After Weight Loss Surgery When You Don’t Follow The Rules

As with dieters in general, it’s not uncommon for people who undergo weight loss surgery to gain back the pounds they lost. In the search for a reason why, a study from U-T Southwestern Medical Center found that even after three months of nutritional counseling, many patients failed to follow guidelines after surgery. Dr. Abhimanyu Garg explains in the week’s Vital Signs.

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Alzheimers 2

Vital Signs: An Environmental Link To Alzheimer’s Disease?

A U-T Southwestern Medical Center study may have uncovered a possible contributor to Alzheimer’s Disease: DDT. The U-S banned the pesticide more than 40-years ago, but a by-product of it called DDE showed up in blood samples of people with Alzheimer’s. More research is needed, but in this week’s edition of Vital Signs, Dr. Dwight German, a Professor of Psychiatry at U-T Southwestern , says the discovery could prove beneficial.

Things To Know About DDT and DDE:

What Is DDT?

A CDC factsheet on DDT says  dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane is an insecticide used in agriculture, and also has been used in the past for the treatment of lice.  The United States banned its use in 1972, but DDT is still in use outside the country for the control of mosquitoes that spread malaria. DDT and its related chemicals persist for a long time in the environment and in animal tissues.

How People Are Exposed to DDT

People are most likely to be exposed to DDT from foods, including meat, fish, and dairy products. DDT can be absorbed by eating, breathing, or touching products contaminated with DDT. In the body, DDT is converted into several breakdown products called metabolites, including the metabolite dichlorodiphenyldichloroethene (DDE). DDT and DDE are stored in the body’s fatty tissues. In pregnant women, DDT and DDE can be passed to the fetus. Both chemicals are found in breast milk, resulting in exposure to nursing infants.

How DDT Affects People’s Health

Human health effects from DDT at low environmental doses are unknown. Following exposure to high doses, human symptoms can include vomiting, tremors or shakiness, and seizures. Laboratory animal studies showed effects on the liver and reproduction. DDT is considered a possible human carcinogen.

For more information:

A byproduct of the pesticide DDT increases risk of Alzheimer’s

DDT – A Brief History and Status

Overview of Alzheimer’s Disease




Vital Signs: New FDA Recommendations About Acetaminophen

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recommended against doctors prescribing combination drugs with more than 325 milligrams of acetaminophen. That’s the pain reliever and fever reducer also used in many over-the-counter medications. Too much acetaminophen can cause liver damage. But in the week’s Vital Signs, Dr. Glenn Hardesty of Texas Health Arlington Memorial Hospital tells Sam Baker he thinks there’s more to the agency’s decision.

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Peanuts Tree Nuts

Vital Signs: Pregnant Women Can Eat Peanuts/Tree Nuts Without Worry

A recently-released study has eased fears about whether it’s safe for pregnant women to eat peanuts and tree nuts like walnuts, almonds and pecans. Dr. Sheri Puffer, an OB/GYN at Texas Health Arlington Memorial Hospital, discusses the results with KERA’s Sam Baker in this installment of Vital Signs.

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Vital Signs: Even In Winter, Thirst is Serious Business

Dehydration happens when your body doesn’t have enough water to replace what’s lost during the day. You might associate that more with activity and heat. But Dr. Alexander Eastman, Interim Trauma Medical Director at Parkland Hospital, explains in this week’s installment of Vital Signs how dehydration can be a serious problem in winter.

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Vital Signs: Why Pain Relievers Can Be A Pain If You’re Not Careful

‘Tis the season for using those over-the counter medications for colds, cough and flu. They’re safe for most people. But in this installment of KERAs Vital Signs, Dr. Glenn Hardesty, an emergency physician at Texas Health Arlington Hospital, explains why and how acetaminophen in the medicine can be cause for concern.

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meat thermometer

Vital Signs: How To Avoid Unwanted Memories Of The Holiday Meal

All the food preparation and consumption during the holidays unfortunately make a perfect opportunity for food poisoning if we’re not careful. In today’s installment of KERA’s Vital Signs, dietitian Emily Hein of the Heart Hospital Baylor Plano shares tips for food safety, beginning with one of the major sources of foodborne illness – cross contamination.

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Vital Signs: Five Things Not To Do When Treating Migraines

Migraine headaches are severe enough to make you reach for anything that might bring relief. And that can lead to serious problems. The American Headache Society (AHS) recently issued recommendations of things NOT to do when diagnosing or treating migraines. In this week’s installment of KERA’s Vital Signs, Dr. Kevin Conner is a neurologist and director of the Stroke Center at Texas Health Arlington Hospital. He says what physicians or patients take or prescribe can make matters worse.

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